Antiretroviral treatment (ART) is one of the most effective tools in our arsenal of interventions to fight HIV – keeping people healthy and reducing the risk of onward transmission.
The ability of HIV to alter and reproduce itself in the presence of antiretroviral drugs is called HIV drug resistance.
HIV drug resistance occurs when the virus starts to make changes (mutations) to its genetic make-up (RNA) that are resistant to certain HIV drugs, or classes of HIV drugs. They can lower the chances of transmitting HIV. The goals for these medicines are
• Control the growth of the virus
• Improve how well your immune system works
• Slow or stop symptoms
• Prevent transmission of HIV to others